Monroe County Timeline

Most Significant Events

Land Ordinance of 1785
1785, May 20
The Ordinance of 1785 established the process of land procurement by settlers in the new western lands. The land was surveyed and laid out in township and sections for purchase by settlers. The Ordinance helped raise money for the new United States since direct taxation was not legal at the time under the new Articles of Confederation. The system is still in use today.
Source: James H. Madison, Hoosiers: A New History of Indiana (Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 2014), 30-31.
Indiana territory created
1800
Indiana is designated a territory out of the what will become Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, parts of Minnesota and Michigan. Vincennes is made the seat of government at the organization of the territory.
Source: George Pence and Nellie C. Armstrong, Indiana Historical Collections Vol XIX: Indiana Boundaries (Indianapolis: Wm. B. Burford Printing Co., 1967), 138.
First land sales in Bloomington
1816, Sep 26
George Ritchey, George Hedrick, David Rogers, and Joseph Taylor purchase the first tracts of land in what will become the city of Bloomington.
Source: Charles Blanchard, Counties of Morgan, Monroe, and Brown, Indiana (Chicago: F. A. Battey & Co, 1884), 452.
Indiana becomes 19th state
1816, Dec 11
Indiana becomes the 19th state of the United States of America.
Source: George Pence and Nellie C. Armstrong, Indiana Historical Collections Vol XIX: Indiana Boundaries (Indianapolis: Wm. B. Burford Printing Co., 1967), 12.
Monroe County Established
1818, Jan 14
Monroe County, named for President James Monroe, is formed by state statute to be effective 10 Apr 1818. Monroe is taken from Orange County.
Source: George Pence and Nellie C. Armstrong, Indiana Historical Collections Vol XIX: Indiana Boundaries (Indianapolis: Wm. B. Burford Printing Co., 1967), 600.
First County Commissioners meeting
1818, Apr 10
The first recorded meeting of the Monroe County Commissioners is held at the dwelling house of Abner Blair. The court ordered twelve townships and the town of Bloomington be laid out. The area of the public square is defined and Benjamin Parks, agent of the county, is ordered to place a stone at each corner of the square. The county agent is also directed to advertise lots for sale in the town of Bloomington.
Source: Commissioners' Record Monroe County, Indiana: Volume A 1818-1824, Transcription (Indianapolis: The Indiana Historical Records Survey, 1940), December 31, 1969, 1-9.
Indian Creek Township Established
1818, Apr 13
Indian Creek township is established by the Monroe County Commissioners and is located in southwest and western Monroe County.
Source: Commissioners' Record Monroe County, Indiana: Volume A 1818-1824, Transcription (Indianapolis: The Indiana Historical Records Survey, 1940), 2.
Clear Creek Township established.
1818, Apr 13
Clear Creek township in southern Monroe County is established by Monroe County Commissioners.
Source: Commissioners' Record Monroe County, Indiana: Volume A 1818-1824, Transcription (Indianapolis: The Indiana Historical Records Survey, 1940), 2.
Bean Blossom township is organized.
1818, Apr 13
Monroe County Commissioners organize the township of Bean Blossom located northwest and west of Bloomington.
Source: Commissioners' Record Monroe County, Indiana: Volume A 1818-1824, Transcription (Indianapolis: The Indiana Historical Records Survey, 1940), 2.
Bloomington Township Established
1818, Apr 13
The Monroe County Commissioners establish the township of Bloomington named for the town of Bloomington.
Source: Commissioners' Record Monroe County, Indiana: Volume A 1818-1824, Transcription (Indianapolis: The Indiana Historical Records Survey, 1940), 2.
Treaty of St. Mary's-New Purchase
1818, Oct
The Indian tribes Potawatomi, Weas, Delawares, and the Miamis were represented in this treaty which saw 8 million acres of land in central Indiana be purchased by the government. The land in north and northeast Monroe County was open to sale after this treaty. Also known as the New Purchase.
Source: Russ F. Lockridge, Sr., The Story of Indiana (Oklahoma City, OK: Harlow Publishing Corp, 1951), 198.
Brick Courthouse Work Begun
1819, Jun
A contract with John Ketchum is signed for construction of a new permanent courthouse on the public square.
Source: Charles Blanchard, Counties of Morgan, Monroe, and Brown, Indiana (Chicago: F. A. Battey & Co, 1884), 383.
State legislature chooses Monroe County for state seminary
1820, Jan 20
The state legislature passes an ordinance to locate two Indiana townships, one in Monroe County, for state seminaries.
Source: Charles Blanchard, Counties of Morgan, Monroe, and Brown, Indiana (Chicago: F. A. Battey & Co, 1884), 477. more...
Seward & Company Opens
1821, Sep
Austin Seward and family move from Kentucky to Bloomington and open a blacksmith shop on the southeast corner of what is now 7th and Walnut streets. The company is in business for 161 years.
Source: "Tells Kiwanis of Foundry 100 Years Old," Evening World, December 5, 1922, 1.
Monroe County boundary change
1821, Dec 31
Land purchased under the the Indian Treaty of St. Mary's in 1818 opens a portion of the county north and east of the "Ten o'clock Line" which had been the original boundary. The added land is opened for settlement.
Source: George Pence and Nellie C. Armstrong, Indiana Historical Collections Vol XIX: Indiana Boundaries (Indianapolis: Wm. B. Burford Printing Co., 1967), 602-603.
Jackson Township established
1825, Mar
A large township, named Jackson for Andrew Jackson the hero of the battle of New Orleans, is established in the Northeast corner of Monroe County.
Source: Monroe County, IN, Monroe County Commissioners Book \'B\' (Bloomington: Monroe County, 1832), 17.
Salt Creek township established
1825, May
Salt Creek township in eastern and southeastern Monroe county is established by the county commissioners.
Source: Monroe County, IN, Monroe County Commissioners Book \'B\' (Bloomington: Monroe County, 1832), 19.
Courthouse completed
1826
The second county courthouse on the square in Bloomington is completed and occupied.
Source: Charles Blanchard, Counties of Morgan, Monroe, and Brown, Indiana (Chicago: F. A. Battey & Co, 1884), 382-383. more...
Bloomington incorporated as town
1827, Mar 5
Citizens of Bloomington meet at the courthouse to vote on incorporating the county seat as a town. The voice vote was 18 for and 3 against incorporation. Election of trustees would be subsequently held.
Source: Charles Blanchard, The Heritage Collection History and Biography: Counties of Morgan, Monroe and Brown, Indiana (F.A. Battey & Co. Publishers, 1884), 463. more...
Indiana Seminary becomes Indiana College
1828, Jan 24
Indiana College established from Indiana Seminary.
Source: Woodburn, James A. History of Indiana University Volume I, 1820-1902. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University, 1940. p32
Richland Township established
1829, Jul
Richland township is established from Bean Blossom township.
Source: Monroe County, IN, Monroe County Commissioners Book \'B\' (Bloomington: Monroe County, 1832), 207.
Washington Township Established
1829, Jul
Washington township, named to honor George Washington, is established in northern Monroe County by ordinance of the county commissioners.
Source: Monroe County, IN, Monroe County Commissioners Book \'B\' (Bloomington: Monroe County, 1832), 207.
Perry Township established
1830, May
Perry township is established from the original Seminary township created for use as the State College lands. Perry is named for Oliver Perry, a naval hero in the War of 1812.
Source: Monroe County, IN, Monroe County Commissioners Book \'B\' (Bloomington: Monroe County, 1832), 246.
Benton Township created from Jackson township
1833, May
The new Benton township is created from Jackson township by a line "dividing the land and people as equally from north to south as maybe allowing the eastern part to retain the name of Jackson and calling the western half Benton." Thomas Hart Benton, the US senator from Missouri, is the new township's namesake.
Source: Monroe County, IN, Monroe County Commissioners Book \'C\' (Bloomington: Monroe County, 1839), 111-112.
Richland Platted and Renamed Ellettsville
1837, Feb 13
Richland is mapped and platted but renamed Ellettsville when the name of Richland has already been used as an Indiana post office. The town is renamed for Edward Ellett, an original settler and businessman.
Source: Commissioners Book F: Monroe County, Indiana, 117.
Van Buren township established
1837, Mar
Van Buren township, named for President Martin Van Buren, is established in western Monroe County from Richland and Indian Creek townships.
Source: Monroe County, IN, Monroe County Commissioners Book \'C\' (Bloomington: Monroe County, 1839), 275.
Request for poor farm
1838
Citizens of Monroe County ask county commissioners for a poor farm.
Source: Pam Service, "Karst Farm Park Once Site of Poor Farm," Herald Telephone, May 3, 1990.
Indiana College becomes Indiana University
1838, Feb 13
Indiana State Legislative act adopted changing Indiana College to Indiana University.
Source: James Albert Woodburn, History of Indiana University: Volume I: 1820-1902 (Bloomington: Indiana University , 1940), 110.
Bloomington charter enacted
1845, Jan 13
The General Assembly of the state of Indiana passes the charter, creating the town of Bloomington, establishing boundaries, and laying down governing laws of the town.
Source: Charter of the Town of Bloomington (1845)
Marion township created
1845, Aug
Marion township is created from the northern part of Benton township in northeast Monroe County. The southern boundary of Marion is along the Bean Blossom creek.
Source: Monroe County, IN, Monroe County Commissioners Book \'D\' (Bloomington: Monroe County, 1846), 539.
Poor farm committee and superintendent
1846
The idea for a poor farm is revived. The county board purchases 160 acres from John Acuff, who agrees to act as superintendent of the new poor asylum.
Source: Bennett P. Reed, "Abandoning County Farm Radical Change for Monroe County," Herald Telephone, October 3, 1957.
John Acuff possible superintendent of poor
1846
Prominent citizens recommend that the county purchase the John Acuff farm and make Acuff the superintendent of the poor there. The site is five miles west of town on the road to Spencer.
Source: Pam Service, "Karst Farm Park Once Site of Poor Farm," Herald Telephone, May 3, 1990.
Railroad comes to Ellettsville
1853
The Louisville, New Albany, and Chicago Railroad (later known as the Monon) first comes through Ellettsville. J.M. Campbell is the first railroad agent, and Edward Moberly serves as an a agent and the first telegrapher.
Source: Marion Jacobs, "Ellettsville A Village Grows Where Once a Wilderness Stood Untouched," The Journal, September 12, 1962, 1.
Railroad enters Bloomington
1853, Oct
The New Albany and Salem railroad is built into Bloomington. The railroad was finished through the county until the following summer. A celebration of opening was held on July 4, 1854.
Source: Thomas Carter Perring, "The New Albany-Salem Railroad--Incidents of Road and Men," Indiana magazine of history, January 1, 1919, 356.
Newsletter is sold
1856
Newsletter newspaper is sold to Howard Coe, who changes the title to the Republican.
Source: Miller, John W, Paul Brockman, and Patricia Lucken. Indiana Newspaper Bibliography: Historical Accounts of All Indiana Newspapers Published from 1804 to 1980 and Locational Information for All Available Copies, Both Original and Microfilm. Indianapolis: I
City government dissolved
1858, Jan 1
Bloomington citizen's held a vote to dissolve the city as a corporation. They were motivated by unfair taxes and poor road conditions.
Source: Charles Blanchard, The Heritage Collection History and Biography: Counties of Morgan, Monroe and Brown, Indiana (F.A. Battey & Co. Publishers, 1884), 465,466.
Newspaper begins publication
1860
Indiana Farmer and Mechanic is a short-lived, agricultural newspaper published during the Civil War.
Source: Miller, John W, Paul Brockman, and Patricia Lucken. Indiana Newspaper Bibliography: Historical Accounts of All Indiana Newspapers Published from 1804 to 1980 and Locational Information for All Available Copies, Both Original and Microfilm. Indianapolis: I
Poor farm sold
1861, Sep
The poor farm is sold to William Hanna. Hanna agrees to care for the residents of the farm.
Source: Commissioners Book H: Monroe County, Indiana, 287.
Capture of Richmond celebrated
1865, Apr 4
Word is received of the capture of Richmond, Virginia, capital of the Confederacy. Bloomington citizens celebrate long into the night on the town square with a bonfire, volleys of musketry, and patriotic music. The celebration continues on April 7.
Source: "Mammoth celebration held in Bloomington when Gen. Lee surrenders." Bloomington Evening World, 16 January 1922: 1. Microform.
First woman I.U. student
1867, Jan 1
The first woman student, Sarah Parke Morrison, is admitted to Indiana University. By 1871 there were 32 women. They were admitted by the same criteria, and studied for the same degrees, as men. She became an Adjunct Professor of English Literature. Morrison Hall in the Wells Quadrangle is named after her.
Source: Thornbrough, Emma Lou. Indiana in the Civil War Era, 1850-1880. Vol. 3. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Bureau & Historical Society, 1965. Pp. 507-08. more...
Annual appropriations begin for IU
1867, Jan 1
Legislative act begins annual appropriations for Indiana University, March 8.
Source:
Democrat begins publication
1868
Democrat begins publication, a newspaper introduced by Thomas C. Purcell. In 1872 the printing office is destroyed by fire.
Source: Miller, John W, Paul Brockman, and Patricia Lucken. Indiana Newspaper Bibliography: Historical Accounts of All Indiana Newspapers Published from 1804 to 1980 and Locational Information for All Available Copies, Both Original and Microfilm. Indianapolis: I
Democrat destroyed by fire
1872
Democrat, a newspaper introduced by Thomas C. Purcell in 1868, is destroyed by fire.
Source: Miller, John W, Paul Brockman, and Patricia Lucken. Indiana Newspaper Bibliography: Historical Accounts of All Indiana Newspapers Published from 1804 to 1980 and Locational Information for All Available Copies, Both Original and Microfilm. Indianapolis: I
Downtown fire
1872, Aug 17
Fire destroys fourteen businesses in 3:00 a.m. fire at 5th and Railroad Street.
Source: "Great Fire! Entire Square of Buildings Destroyed!" Bloomington Progress (Bloomington, IN), Aug 21, 1872.
Moss becomes IU president
1875
Lemuel Moss (1875-84) named sixth IU president.
Source: Burton Dorr Myers, Trustees and Officers of Indiana University 1820 to 1950 (Bloomington: Indiana University, 1951), 465-466. more...
Bloomington incorporated by narrow margin
1876
The incorporation of Bloomington as a city passes a vote by its citizens, 184-169.
Source: John Fancher, "Early Citizens Evenly Divided- Incorporation Not Popular," Herald Telephone, October 14, 1975.
Fire destroys west side of square
1883, Mar 16
Fire destroys west side of square.
Source: "After the Fire. Counting up the Loss." Bloomington Telephone (Bloomington, IN), March 24, 1883.
Dunn sells land to IU
1883
Dunn's Woods, located east of downtown Bloomington, is purchased from Moses F. Dunn by the IU board of trustees.
Source: Thomas D. Clark, Indiana University: Midwestern Pioneer, Volume 1 Early Years (Bloomington & London : Indiana University Press, 1970), 139-140. more...
First intercollegiate African American athlete
1893
Preston Eagleson becomes the first African American athlete to be a member of an intercollegiate team at Indiana University. Eagleson is considered a prominent member of the African American community in Bloomington, and plays as a halfback during the years 1893-95.
Source: Thomas D. Clark, Indiana University: Midwestern Pioneer, Volume 1 Early Years (Bloomington & London : Indiana University Press, 1970), 321. more...
First African American IU athlete
1893
Preston Eagleson becomes the first African American to don the Cream and Crimson for IU as a halfback for the IU Football team.
Source: Colin Bishop, "Eagelson first black IU athlete," Herald Times, February 7, 2008, A1.
GAR post established
1896
Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) Post No. 558 is named for John Gann and is located in Bloomington, Monroe County, Indiana.
Source: Northcott, Dennis. Indiana Civil War Veterans: Transcription of the Death Rolls of the Department of Indiana, Grand Army of the Republic, 1882-1948. St. Louis, Mo: D. Northcott, 2005. Print. Page 363
New opera house
1897, Jan 19
Architect John Lincoln Nichols is to design a new opera house for the city of Bloomington. The theater is supposed to cost approximately $12,000 and should be near the square on North Walnut Street. This new opera house will also be made of Monroe County stone. The eventual name will be the Harris Grand Theatre.
Source: "New Opera House: Plans Being Drawn for a Nice Theater, Outside Parties Would Like to Make the Investment," Bloomington World, January 19, 1897, 1. more...
First African American woman enrolls
1898, Jan
Carrie Parker becomes the first African American woman to enroll at Indiana University, 21 years prior to Frances Marshall's 1919 graduation as the first African American female to attain an IU degree.
Source: Marcela Creps, "Pioneer vs. prejudice," Herald Times, September 2, 2015, A, 1, 6.
First Presbyterian Church dedicated
1901, Jun 23
Dedicatory services are held for members of the new First Presbyterian Church, located at the corner of 6th and Lincoln Streets. The previous building on Walnut Street was destroyed in a fire in 1899. The estimated cost of the new limestone church on 6th Street was $15,791 and the final cost was $30,000.
Source: "Presbyterians Refurbishing Building: Church Mission Not Lost in Excitement," Daily Herald-Telephone, April 6, 1972, 8. more...
First African American to earn Master's
1906
Preston Eagelson, the first African American athlete at IU, returns to IU to further his education, becoming the first African American to earn a MA from Indiana University in 1906.
Source: Colin Bishop, "Eagelson first black IU athlete," Herald Times, February 7, 2008, A1. more...
Courthouse cornerstone laid
1907, May 10
A Masonic ceremony for the new courthouse construction is witnessed by thousands.
Source: "Cornerstone Laid With Impressive Masonic Ceremony," Evening World, May 10, 1907, Front, 1. more...
Kappa Alpha Psi founded
1911, Jan 5
Kappa Alpha Psi,a predominantly black fraternity, is founded at Indiana University by 10 African American students.
Source: Donyelle Davis, "Predominantly black fraternity's 1911 founding at IU to be celebrated this week," Herald Times Online, July 6, 2011, N/A. more...
First airplane flies in Bloomington
1911, Oct 11
Horace Kearney, early aviator, flies his airplane in Dunn Meadow for the first flight ever in Monroe County. He snags a barbed wire fence while taking off, and only gains enough altitude to crash land without life-threatening injuries.
Source: "Kearney Falls But Will Live," Bloomington Telephone, October 18, 1911. more...
Roof expected for city hall soon
1915, Jul 8
It is reported that, after squabbles, the new city hall will be ready in two weeks, after the roof is placed by Contractor Weaver under the supervision of Architect Nichols. The building is expected to be completed by December.
Source: "New City Hall Going Up," Weekly Star, July 8, 1915. more...
First Black Woman Graduates IU
1919
Frances Elizabeth Marshall becomes the first African American woman to graduate from Indiana University, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in English.
Source: Jessi Perkinson, "Center honors first blacks to graduate from IU," Herald Times, February 5, 2008, N/A (clipping).
Dedication for church announced
1919, Sep 27
The First Christian Church announces that there will be a dedication ceremony tomorrow for the new $100,000 building on Kirkwood Avenue and Washington Street. Services will be lead by Reverend George Shively. There will be special music and a picnic dinner in the gymnasium of the church.
Source: "New $100,000 Church to be Dedicated Tomorrow," Evening World, September 27, 1919. more...
Princess Theatre fire
1924, Feb 1
Major fire damages the Princess Theatre, Sutherland's Shoe Store and The Woodmen Lodge, 208 N. Morton.
Source: "Local Business District Has Another Costly Blaze." Bloomington Daily Telephone (Bloomington, IN), February 1, 1924.
Smithville wins Tri-State
1924, Feb
Under Coach Underwood, Smithville High School's basketball team wins the Tri-State Invitational at the University of Cincinnati. Team members include Captain Davy Deckard, Floyd Trisler, Siscoe, Bruner, Burnsworth, Thrasher, Fox, and Stull.
Source: "Basketball puts Smithville on map," Weekly Star, February 15, 1924. more...
Largest Fire in History of Bloomington
1924, Mar 24
Property loss of $378,400 as fire destroys H.B. Gentry Building, 100 S. College Avenue. Businesses lost in 5-hour firefight include: Bowles Drugstore, Shaffer's Grocery, White's Poolroom, Clark's Barbershop, Virly Sewing Machine Co., among others.
Source: "$348,400 Disastrous Fire Last Evening." Bloomington Daily Telephone (Bloomington, IN), March 25, 1924. more...
Bloomington Packing Co. fire
1927, May 8
Fire destroys Bloomington Packing Company.
Source: "Big Fire Sunday A.M." Bloomington Telephone (Bloomington, IN), May 9, 1927.
C.C. Farmer Auto Co. fire
1929, Jan 7
Fire destroys the C.C. Farmer Auto Company at 328 S. Washington and damages homes at 332 and 320 S. Washington as firefighters fight the second major fire of the day.
Source: "City Shocked By 2nd Bad Fire In One Day." Bloomington Daily Telephone (Bloomington, IN), January 8, 1929.
Indiana Limestone Co. awarded contract
1933, Jun 14
The Indiana Limestone Company is awarded the contract for 900 cars of limestone to go into the new archives building in Washington, D. C.
Source: "Chronology of High Spots in the Daily News of Community During 1933," Evening World, January 1, 1934. more...
IU hires McMillin
1934, Mar 7
Indiana University signs Bo McMillin as their new football coach.
Source: "City News Events of 1934 on Parade ," Evening World, January 1, 1935. more...
Monroe County Jail fire
1935, Feb 6
Fire destroys Monroe County Jail, 116 S. Walnut. All firefighters called to duty in general alarm fire. Five firefighters flee building as roof collapses.
Source: "Night Fire Leaves Jail In Ruins; Police to Set Up Bastile in City Hall." Bloomington Evening World (Bloomington, IN), February 7, 1935.
Delta Tau Delta fire
1935, Feb 11
Fire destroys Delta Tau Delta House, 408 N. Lincoln.
Source: "Fire Razes Fraternity Home." Bloomington Evening World (Bloomington, IN), February 12, 1935.
Herman B Wells named acting president
1937
He was named eleventh president in 1938. (Indiana University Archives P0023340)
Source: Burton Dorr Myers, Trustees and Officers of Indiana University 1820 to 1950 (Bloomington: Indiana University, 1951), 482. more...
Monroe and Owen courts separated
1937, Feb 26
The bill to separate the court circuits of Monroe County and Owen County passes 87 to 8 by the Indiana House.
Source: "Chronicle of Daily Events During 1937 in Bloomington and about Monroe County," Evening World, January 1, 1938, 6. more...
Herman B Wells named eleventh president
1938
He served from 1938 to 1962. (Indiana University Archives P0023826)
Source: Burton Dorr Myers, Trustees and Officers of Indiana University 1820 to 1950 (Bloomington: Indiana University, 1951), 482. more...
University Experimental School opens
1938, Sep
Indiana University creates University School to promote educational growth in teaching and education.
Source: Bender, Pearson, and Kelly, Jordannus: From Kindergarten to College (Indianapolis: Indianapolis Engraving, 1939), 3-5. more...
RCA plant opens
1940
RCA Victor opens on South Rogers Street in Bloomington after purchasing a cabinet plant from Showers Furniture Company.
Source: "Bloomington Area Already In New Electronics Field," Bloomington Star Courier, April 26, 1956, 21.
12-hour firefight
1940, Apr 25
Firefighters combat heavy smoke in a twelve-hour firefight at Fell Iron and Metal Company at Fourth and Rogers Streets in Bloomington. The fire is fed by hundreds of pounds of tightly bound bails of scrap paper.
Source: "Blaze Burns Tons of Paper." Bloomington Daily Telephone (Bloomington, IN), April 26, 1940.
Fire destroys old mill
1940, May 21
Thousands watch as firemen battle a two-hour blaze at one of Bloomington's oldest buildings. The repeatedly condemned brick storage, on Morton Street just south of Sixth Street, is destroyed by fire the day before it is scheduled to be demolished.
Source: "Spectacular fire destroys ancient mill." Bloomington Telephone (Bloomington, IN), May 22, 1940.
Fire damages Walnut St. businesses
1942, Jul 2
Fire spreads from Harris Grande Theatre, 222 North Walnut Street, to Sandy's Lunch Counter, The Grande Liquor Store and the A.O. Nolan building before being controlled.
Source: "Harris Grand Destroyed by Fire." Bloomington Daily Telephone (Bloomington, IN), July 3, 1942. more...
Mill changes production line for war
1944
The Cline and Wylie Mills of the Bloomington Limestone Company convert their production to support the war, machining large and small brackets. Military secrecy does not allow the publication of data or specifics. David G. Wylie is president and Kenneth Cline and Alfred A. Beck are the vice-presidents. Cline is a member of the Hoadley Family and Beck is the son of Prof. James K. Beck and for former Miss Adams, whose father (Benjamin Sr.) and brothers (Will and Ben) were early and successful stone businessmen.
Source: "Community should honor Bloomington Limestone when Army-Navy "E" is presented," The World Telephone, December 14, 1944. more...
C.I.O. Union building fire
1946, Apr 27
Fire causes major damage at C.I.O. Union building on West Fifth Street in Bloomington.
Source: "Blaze Wrecks Historic House on West Side." World Telephone (Bloomington, IN), April 29, 1946.
Fire damages 6th St. businesses
1946, Oct 20
Fire at 112 East Sixth Street damages Public Service Company, Wylie Furniture, and R&S Shoe Company, as well as three apartments.
Source: "Fire Damages Public Service Company Office." World Telephone (Bloomington, IN), October 21, 1946.
Worst loss of life in fire department history
1949, Aug 10
Sixteen people burn to death after being trapped in Greyhound bus wreckage.
Source: "15 Are Dead in Bus Crash." World Telephone (Bloomington, IN), August 10, 1949.
Television station begins broadcasting
1949, Nov
Sarkes Tarzian obtains a television license and begins broadcasting with the call letters WTTV. It is the second TV broadcast station in Indiana, located in the smallest broadcasting community in the US.
Source: "WTTV To Give Test Signals Soon," Daily Telephone, February 5, 1949.
First Little 500
1951
The Indiana Little 500, an all-campus bicycle race, takes place for the first time. The event is founded by Howdy Wilcox Jr., executive director the the Indiana University Student Foundation, to raise money for a scholarship fund. Some 7,000 spectators arrive at the event, including reporters from various newspapers around the state. The South Hall Buccaneers are victorious.
Source: John Schwarb, The Little 500: The Story of the World's Greatest College Weekend (Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1999), 1-16. more...
Fairview school is demolished
1954, Jun 25
Demolition begins on the old Fairview school, located on West 7th Street. It was once known as the most beautiful building in Bloomington. Image courtesy of Indiana Historical Society.
Source: Pauline Griffin Garn, "Looking Back: Vivid memories abound from student of old Fairview school," Herald Telephone, November 18, 1978. more...
Pete and Purcells burns
1964, Aug 13
Fire destroys Pete and Purcells Storage Company.
Source: No Headline. Daily Herald Telephone (Bloomington, IN), August 14, 1964.
Monroe Reservoir filling begins
1965, Feb 1
Monroe Reservoir goes into operation with the closing of the gates at the dam. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is to turn over administration to the maintenance and operation division of the Corps, completing the flood control project which began in July 1958.
Source: "Reservoir Gates To Close," Herald Telephone, January 27, 1965, Front, 1. more...
Relocation of Monroe Lake cemeteries
1965, May 1
The Army Corps of Engineers completes the relocation of eight area cemeteries to the Polk Township Cemetery.
Source: Final Report of Cemetery Relocation, Cemetery Relocation Plan No. 1 for Eight Cemeteries, Monroe County, Indiana. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1965: 1-11. Print.
Showers Company mill fire
1966, Feb 23
Fire destroys Showers Brothers Furniture Company mill.
Source: "Fire Destroys New Business In Old Plant." Daily Herald Telephone (Bloomington, IN), February 24, 1966.
First Black Bloomington Police Officer
1967, Apr 1
Vietnam War veteran and Bloomington High School graduate Charles Brown becomes first African American police officer in Bloomington history.
Source: Colin Bishop, "Black History Month Profiles: Brown was city's first black police officer," Herald Times, February 18, 2008, N/A (clipping).
Central Junior High School burns
1967, Apr 6
65 firefighters and all available equipment are pressed into service in a general alarm fire that destroys Central Junior High School.
Source: "Historic Central High Burns in One of City's Worst Disasters.," Daily Herald Telephone , April 6, 1967.
Black Market store firebombed
1968, Dec 26
Black Market, store catered to the needs of African Americans in Bloomington and located on the corner of Dunn and Kirkwood, is firebombed on the night of December 26th by a man in a grey trench coat and his getaway driver. The mostly wooden structure quickly burns down.
Source: Mickey Woods, "Mad As HELL," Indiana Daily Student, April 28, 2011, 1, 8. more...
Indiana University Library burns
1969, Feb 17
Firefighters battle high heat and heavy smoke to keep a fire in the Indiana University Library's sub-basement from extending vertically.
Source: "500,000 Book Damage in IU Fire." Daily Herald Telephone (Bloomington, IN), February 18, 1969. more...
Oliver Winery sells first wines
1973, May 1
Oliver Winery, 7 miles north of Bloomington, officially opens for business by selling its first wine, "Camelot Mead."
Source: "Oliver Wines Hit the Market," Courier-Tribune, May 6, 1973.
Jordan Hall fire
1975, Apr 15
Fire at Jordan Hall on the Indiana University campus destroys 3 years of microbiology research and causes $80,000 damage.
Source: "Jordan Hall fire guts laboratory, researtch." Daily Herald Telephone (Bloomington, IN), April 15, 1975.
45 boats destroyed in fire
1990, Mar 21
Fire in a boat storage building destroys 45 boats at Keith's Paynetown Boathouse, resulting in one million dollars in estimated damage.
Source: "Fire destroys business, 45 boats." The Herald Times (Bloomington, IN), March 22, 1990.
Hall of Fame adds scientist
1995, Jul 17
Daniel Kirkwood and Harry G. Day are selected for the Monroe County Hall of Fame. For the pre-1946 category: Daniel Kirkwood, an IU professor for 30 years and a mathematical formula genius. For the Post-1946 induction, Harry G. Day, who commented, "That's gratifying, but I wasn't even running." Day had made several contributions towards nutrition, helping to develop what later began to be known as Crest toothpaste.
Source: Bob Zaltsberg, "Hall of Fame adds scientist," The Herald Times, July 17, 1995. more...
Herman B Wells dies
2000
University Chancellor dies at 97. (Indiana University Archives P0034223)
Source: Indiana University Archives more...
IU graduate student dies in fire
2002, Dec 3
A fire on South Grant Street causes the death of an Indiana University graduate student.
Source: "IU Creative Writing Student Dies in Apartment Fire." The Herald Times (Bloomington, IN), December 4, 2002.
Three IU students killed
2004, May 22
Three IU students are killed on Indiana Avenue.
Source: "IU Students Die In Fire." The Herald times (Bloomington, IN), May 23, 2004.

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